THE SERMONISER OF THE GITA –WHO, WHAT,WHEN, WHY, HOW?
-an invitation to know.
The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most popular scriptures which people have been reading and teaching daily with great devotion. Some of the verses of Gita are very well known. In one popular verse - Krishna says that he would incarnate in the world when there is a decline of righteousness and unrighteiousness prevails to establish dharma.
According to the cycles of time there are four main ages or epochs namely Satyuga, Tretayuga Dwapuryuga and then Kaliyuga.
It is believed that Shri Krishna sermonized the Gita in Dwapur Yuga.
The question that many people are asking is that- If Shri Krishna had sermonised the Gita in Dwapur Yuga to establish righteousness, the age that followed DwaparYuga is Kaliyuga. Everyone knows that Kaliyuga is full of unrighteousness, devilishness, and there is an all-round decline of moral and spiritual values. So if Krishna comes in Dwapur Yuga Kaliyuga should be better but it is not the case.
It is written in many scriptures that there is a time when there would be a great destruction of the humanity (pralaya)
Since time spins in a cyclic pattern according to the kaal chakra [wheel of time], when Kaliyuga ends, Sat Yuga, the Age of Righteousness or dharma, starts and the creation would be replete with all celestial degrees. There will be health, wealth, and happiness for every one in Satyuga and it would be veritable heaven on earth.
So, one may wonder whether God is going to incarnate now at the end of Kaliyug, and the Sermonize of Gita again and re-educate His children to become righteous.
It is more logical to think that He would incarnate at the end of Kaliyuga and the beginning of Satyuga or to be exact at the confluence or meeting of these two ages.
This period can be called the Confluence Age or Sangam Yuga which would be a fifth Age. So the five Ages woud be Satyuga, Tretayuga, Dwapuryuga, Kaliyuga and Sangam Yuga
Now, let us examine the aspect of what is the form and attributes of God, the only one who has the power to change this impure world.
Some people call God 'Ishwar', some call Him Jehova, while some call him 'Allah', but He and His form remain the same.
1) God is one who is accepted by all,
2) God is the Supreme,
3) God is beyond all bondages of action,
4) God is omniscient,
5) God is boundless or unlimited in all His attributes.
God is the father, mother, friend, preceptor / guide, teacher and protector of all souls. He is the only one who has no parents, guide, teacher or protector above Him.
Unlike human souls, God doesn't come into the cycle of birth and death. Hence He is called ' Ajanma' (One who doesn't take birth).
It is said in the Gita, “I am 'Mahakaal ' (the great death ]. Death can never approach me.”
Upon taking birth, humans are bound to act and get the fruit of their actions. God, however, is 'Akarta' (one who does not perform any action) and 'Abhokta' (one who doesn't experience the result of any action).
God is said to be 'Trikaldarshi' (one who knows the three aspects of time – the past, present and future).
God is described as Trilokinath or Lord of the three worlds.
He is also described as Trinetri or one with ‘three eyes’. He bestows the knowledge of the third eye on humans.
3. Who is the Supreme soul ? What did He do?
God Shiva is referred to as Paramatma [Param+atma -the Supreme Soul], while all the other gods and goddesses in the Hindu pantheon are called devi devatas or deities. That is why the prayer, Brahma devaaya namah, Vishnu devaaya namah, Shankar devaaya namah…, ends with Shiv paramaatmaaya namah.
The Supreme Soul never takes birth as humas do humans, He however takes a divine birth to salvage humanity He takes a divine birth. By divine birth is meant that He does not come into the womb of a mother; He enters the body of a human being whom He names Prajapita Brahma. He uses the organ of the mouth of this individual called Brahma to speak. He give the knowledge to create the new world or Satyuga.
Since His birth is divine and spiritual, God is the One who does not have parents. That's why the word 'Shambhu' is suffixed to Shiva. 'Shambhu' is short for 'Swayambhu' – the One who is self created. The Supreme Soul has no father or mother, friend or relative, preceptor or protector. He is also described as the One who is beyond the cycle of birth and death.
It is said that Lord Rama himself made and worshipped a Shiva lingam in Rameswaram before defeating Ravan. Sri Krishna worshipped the Shiva lingam at Gopeshwar. Similarly, it is said that on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, before the war started, all the five Pandavs and Krishna worshipped Lord Shiva as Sthaneshwar(Lord of the Place) to gain powers. It is described in the scriptures that whenever the deities faced any problems, they used to rush to Lord Shiva for help.
We see pictures depicting Mahadev, Shankar,
doing tapasya in front of a ShivaLingam. It means that deity Shankar and Shiva are two separate entities.
Shankar has a subtle body whereas Shiva is nirakar or incorporeal meaning He does not have a sublte or gross bodily form.
Maha dev Shankar is not worshipped in the form of a lingam;
The Lingam is called Shiva lingam not Shankar lingam. Shankar is shown wearing a crescent moon, a snake around his neck, and river Ganges flowing from his head.
The conclusion that can be drawn is that
Rama, Sri Krishna, and Shankar are deities whereas Shiva is Parmatma or the supreme soul.
God Shiva is incorporeal; He is a Point of Light, or Jyoti Bindu. For the purpose of worship devotees use a Shiva lingum as it is not practical to worship a bindi or Jyoti bindu, Shiva’s true form.
The Supreme Soul, Supreme Father Shiva is the Creator of the three murthis of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahadev Shankar. God Shiva creates the New world through Brahma, sustains that world through Vishnu, and carries out destruction of the iron aged world through Shankar.
God is described as Satyam, Shivam , Sundaram or the TRUTH, the BENEFACTOR, and as BEAUTIFUL.
God is the Truth, God is the Benefactor, God is beautiful (constantly pure). He is Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram.